How to Teach Complex Sentences

Lesson Plan: Teaching Paragraph Writing with Complex Sentences

Why teach complex sentences

Improving Writing Skills: Complex sentences provide variety and depth to writing, making it more interesting and engaging for the reader. By using complex sentences, students can express their ideas more clearly and effectively.

Enhancing Vocabulary: Using complex sentences requires students to understand the relationships between different parts of a sentence. This helps to improve their vocabulary and understanding of grammar.

Developing Critical Thinking: Writing complex sentences requires students to think critically about how to connect their ideas and express them in a clear and concise way.

Preparing for Advanced Writing: Complex sentences are a crucial part of advanced writing, such as academic essays or creative writing. By teaching students how to use complex sentences, they will be better prepared for these types of writing assignments in the future.

Overall, teaching complex sentences is an important part of developing students’ writing skills and preparing them for advanced writing. It helps students to express their ideas more effectively, enhances their vocabulary and critical thinking skills, and sets them up for success in future writing assignments.

Objectives:

  • Students will understand the structure of a complex sentence.
  • Students will be able to identify the independent and dependent clauses in a complex sentence.
  • Students will learn how to use complex sentences in their writing to make their paragraphs more interesting and varied.

Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Handouts with examples of complex sentences
  • Writing prompts for practice

Introduction (10 minutes):

Write on the board: “A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.” Ask students to give examples of sentences they consider to be complex and write them on the board. Discuss the examples, pointing out the independent and dependent clauses in each sentence.

Guided Practice (15 minutes):

Hand out the handouts with examples of complex sentences.
Have students work in pairs to identify the independent and dependent clauses in each sentence.
Discuss the answers as a class, explaining any misunderstandings.

Independent Practice (25 minutes):

Provide writing prompts for students to practice writing complex sentences.
Remind students to include both independent and dependent clauses in their sentences.
Circulate the room to offer guidance and feedback.

Conclusion (10 minutes):

Review the objectives and check for understanding.
Have a few students share their writing and discuss how they used complex sentences to make their paragraphs more interesting.
Encourage students to continue practicing writing complex sentences in their future writing assignments.

Images make interesting writing prompts.

Assessment:

Observing students during independent practice and providing feedback.
Evaluating the writing samples produced during independent practice for the use of complex sentences.

Handout 1: Examples of Complex Sentences

  1. Although the sun was shining, the wind was so strong that I couldn’t fly my kite.
  2. The teacher assigned a difficult project, which was due the next day.
  3. When I got home from school, I realized that I had left my backpack on the bus.
  4. She wanted to visit the museum, but it was closed for renovation.
  5. While I was walking in the park, I saw a bird building its nest.
  6. Although he was tired, he stayed up late to finish his homework.
  7. The movie was so boring that I fell asleep before it ended.
  8. Since the store was closed, we decided to go home.
  9. Although it was raining, we still went on our picnic.
  10. After she finished her book, she went to bed.

Handout 2: Practice Writing Complex Sentences

  1. Write a paragraph about a vacation you went on using at least three complex sentences.
  2. Write a paragraph about your favorite hobby using at least three complex sentences.
  3. Write a paragraph about a special event you attended using at least three complex sentences.
  4. Write a paragraph about a place you would like to visit using at least three complex sentences.
  5. Write a paragraph about a person you admire using at least three complex sentences.

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