ESL Writing Week 12

In this lesson, the ESL students will learn how to combine two English sentences into one long sentence. Before starting, there are two grammar phrases you need to know for this lesson:

  • coordinating conjunctions
  • subordinate conjunctions

There are many ways to combine two sentences. In this lesson you will learn and practice two ways.

Sentence Combining 1: Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions are small words that join two sentences, clauses, word or phrases.

When joining sentences, we don’t need to change the sentences very much.

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Student Writing Samples

Here are some examples of ESL student writing as they learn to write English poems, particularly Japanese haiku.


Rain is falling down, still

Trees are suppressing and waiting

Under he trees, you are


Cherry blossoms bloom

A girl standing with a smile

Waiting for someone


the son of sun

hot today, hot tomorrow

maybe we died


the sound of silence

nobody can hear, but can feel

it’s in the darkness


children don’t know me

and they shouldn’t know know me wholly

I am the failure



Facts About Reading

Some facts about reading and learning.

  • If a child reads as much as one million words per year, they will be in top 2% of all children on standardized reading tests. If a child reads as little as 8000 words per year, they will be in bottom 2% of all children on standardized reading tests. Therefore, if you read 3,000 words every day you will be in the top 2%. If you read 20 words every day, you will be in the bottom 2%.
  • The average person retains only 5% of what is read once, after thirty days.
  • Reading aloud and talking often to a young child promotes brain development.
  • 35% of adults in the UK don’t read for pleasure.
  • Research suggests that regular reading is associated with a 35% reduction in the risk of dementia.
  • One out of every eight letters you read is the letter ‘e’.

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